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The Swadeshi Movement

The Swadeshi Movement: The Swadeshi movement had its genesis in the antipartition movement which was started to oppose the British decision to partition Bengal. The formal proclamation of the Swadeshi movement was made on August 7, 1905 at a meeting held at the Calcutta Town hall. At the August 7 meeting, the famous Boycott resolution was passed. Boycott was first suggested by Krishan Kumar Mitra in Sanjivani in 1905.

The Swadeshi Movement
The Swadeshi Movement
Phrases Of Swadeshi Movement
1 1905-1909 Movement confined to Bengal and launched as a protest movement
2 1909-1910 Countrywide spread of movement and launching of anti-colonical movement
3 1910-1911 Swadeshi movement merged with revolutionary terrorist movement of first phase and led to the foundation of numerous secret associations.

The boycott of British products was followed by the advocacy of Swadeshi and to buy Indian products only. The leaders of Bengal felt that mere demonstrations, public meetings and resolutions were not in of an something more concrete was needed and the answer was swadeshi and boycott.

An important aspect of the swadeshi movement was the emphasis placed on self-reliance or atmasaki. Self-reliance meant assertion of national dignity, honour and self-confidence.

Leaders of the Swadeshi movement beyond Bengal
Punjab Lala Lajpat Rai and Ajit Singh
Delhi Syed Haider Raza
Madras Chidambaram Pillai
Maharastra Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Andhra Harisarvottam Rao


Swadeshi Movement and National Education
  • Setting of the Bengal Technical Institute
  • Emphasis on education through vernacular medium
  • Setting up of a National Council Of Education on August 15, 1906
  • Opening of way National College at Calcutta with Aurobindo Ghosh as its principle.
  • Efforts of Rabindranath Tagor’s Shantiniketan and Satish Mukherjee’s Dawn Society to combine the traditional and modern systems of education.

Difference between Moderates and Extremists over Swadeshi and Boycott : The Extremists wanted to extend Swadeshi and Boycott movement from Bengal to the rest of the country. They also wanted to extend the boycott to every form of association with the Government. The Moderates, on the other hand, wanted to confine the boycott movement to Bengal and there who limit it to the boycott of foreign goods.

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