The Swadeshi Movement: The Swadeshi movement had its genesis in the antipartition movement which was started to oppose the British decision to partition Bengal. The formal proclamation of the Swadeshi movement was made on August 7, 1905 at a meeting held at the Calcutta Town hall. At the August 7 meeting, the famous Boycott resolution was passed. Boycott was first suggested by Krishan Kumar Mitra in Sanjivani in 1905.
|Phrases Of Swadeshi Movement|
|1||1905-1909||Movement confined to Bengal and launched as a protest movement|
|2||1909-1910||Countrywide spread of movement and launching of anti-colonical movement|
|3||1910-1911||Swadeshi movement merged with revolutionary terrorist movement of first phase and led to the foundation of numerous secret associations.|
The boycott of British products was followed by the advocacy of Swadeshi and to buy Indian products only. The leaders of Bengal felt that mere demonstrations, public meetings and resolutions were not in of an something more concrete was needed and the answer was swadeshi and boycott.
An important aspect of the swadeshi movement was the emphasis placed on self-reliance or atmasaki. Self-reliance meant assertion of national dignity, honour and self-confidence.
|Leaders of the Swadeshi movement beyond Bengal|
|Punjab||Lala Lajpat Rai and Ajit Singh|
|Delhi||Syed Haider Raza|
|Maharastra||Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak|
|Swadeshi Movement and National Education|
Difference between Moderates and Extremists over Swadeshi and Boycott : The Extremists wanted to extend Swadeshi and Boycott movement from Bengal to the rest of the country. They also wanted to extend the boycott to every form of association with the Government. The Moderates, on the other hand, wanted to confine the boycott movement to Bengal and there who limit it to the boycott of foreign goods.