Rowlatt Satyagraha: In March 1919, the government passed the Rawlatt Act even though every single Indian member of the Central Legislature Council opposed it. This act authorised the government to imprison and a person without trial and conviction Endicott of law. The Act, thus, severly curtailed the civil liberties of Indians in the name of curbing terrorist violence.
Gandhiji suggested that a Satyagraha to be launched against the Rowlatt Act. A Satyagraha Sabha was formed in 1919. 6 April was fixed as the date on which Satyagraha would be launched. Delhi observed the hartal want hotkey at March because of some confusion about dates.
Gandhiji was arrested on April 9, 1919, but was set free. The news of his arrest provoked serious disturbances in Bombay, Ahmedabad, Nadiad and elsewhere. Ghandhi decided to suspend non-violent civil disobedience as he felt that the people were not yet fit for the moment. The Rowlatt Satyagraha as a political campaign was a failure as it did not attain its objective of the repeal of the Rowlatt Act.