Facts About India

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Paramilitary and Reserved Forces

Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
  • It was established in 1962, after the Chinese attack.
  • It is basically employed in the Northern borders for monitoring the borders and also to stop smuggling and illegal immigration
National Security Guard (NSG)
  • It was established in 1984
  • It has been established to counter the surge of militancy in the country.
  • It is highly trained force which deals with militants effectively
Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
  • It was set up in 1969 after the recommendations of Justice B Mukherji.
  • Its objective is to monitor the industrial complexes of Central Government
Assam Rifles
  • It was established in 1835 and is the oldest paramilitary force in the country
  • Its main objective is to keep vigilance of international borders in North East and countering insurgency operations in Arunachal Pradesh. Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland
Border Security Force (BSF)
  • It was established in 1965
  • It keeps a vigil over the international borers against the intrusion in the country.
Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
  • It was set up in 1939
  • Its main objective is to assist the State/Union Territory Police in maintenance of law and order
  • The 88th Battalion of CPRF, known as “Mahila Battalion” (commissioned on March 30, 1986) is the world’s first paramilitary force comprising entirely of women.
National Cadet Corps (NCC)
  • It was established in 1948
  • Its main objective is to stimulate interest among the youth in the defence of the country in order to build up a reserve man power to expand armed forces
Territorial Army (TA)
  • It was established in 1948
  • It is a voluntary, part time force (between 18 and 35 years), not professional soldiers, but civilans, who wish to assist in defence of the country
Home Guards
  • It was established in 1962, to assist the police in maintaining security, to help defence forces and to help local authorities in case of any eventuality.
Coast guard
  • It was setup in 1978
  • It main objective is to protect the maritime and other national interests in the maritime zones of India
Intelligence Bureau (IB)
  • It was set up in 1920
  • It objective is to collect secret information relating to country’s security
  • It was originally set up as Central Special Branch (CSB) in 1987 and renamed IB in 1920.
Central Bureau of Intelligence (CBI)
  • It was established in 1953
  • Its objective is to investigate cases of misconduct by public servants, cases of cheating, embezzlement and fraud
  • CBI is also entrusted with the investigation of international crime cases in collaboration with INTERPOL
National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
  • It was established in 1986
  • Its objective is to collect crime statistics at the national level, information of inter-state and international criminals to help investigation agencies.
Rapid Action Force (RAF)
  • It was established in 1992
  • Under the operational command of CPRF
  • 10 battalions of the CPRF have been reoriented for tackling communal riots in the country.

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