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Non-cooperation movement

Non-cooperation movement : The non-cooperation Movement was firmly launched on 1 August, 1920. Tilak passed away in the early hours of 1 August, and the day of mourning and of launching of the movement merged as people all over the country observed hartal and took out processions. When the Congress met in special session at Calcutta on September 4, 1920, Gandhiji faced some opposition from vetern leaders. He emphasised the fact that by the adoption of these non-cooperation resolution Swaraj might be retained within one year. The main opposition, led by CR DAs was to the boycott of legislative council, elections to which were to be held very soon. They believed that it was folly to boycott the new Councils, thereby cutting themselves off from the fountainhead of political power.

Non-cooperation movement
Non-cooperation movement

Features and spread of the non-cooperation movement : It was the first mass based political movement under Gandhiji. The main emphasis of the movement was on boycott of schools, colleges, law courts and advocacy of the use of Charkha. There was widespread student unrest and top Lawyer like CR Das and Motilal Nehru gave up their legal practice. Thereafter, the stress was on boycott of foreign cloth and boycott of the forthcoming visit of the Prince of Wales in November, 1921; popularization of Charkha and Khadi and Jail Bharo by Congress volunteers.

Significance Of The Non-Corporation Movement
The Non-Corporation Movement was of great historical importance because:

  • It converted the National Movement into a mass movement
  • It used unique methods hitherto unparalleled in the annals of history:
  • It cut across religious and caste lines and bound the nation in a common bond
  • It futher strengthened the Hindu-Muslim unity
  • The Indian masses displayed immense courage and spirit of sacrifice
  • It gave political training to thousands of people who in later movements came to the forefront.

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