The national freedom movement in India started in the second half of the 19th century. However uprising with motive of driving British out of India had started a century earlier. The communilative effect of British policies, economic exploitation, and administrative renovations over the years had adversely affected the position of all rulers of Indian states, zamidars , peasents, traders, pundits , etc.
During the 19th century, the Revolt of 1857 was the most important as it was the first major challenge to the British domination.
The origin of freedom movement in India had its strong foundation in the growth of nationalism in the country in the ninetenth century. The first war of independence fought in 1857 had national spirit and relfected the people’s acute urge to throw off the torturous yoke of alien rule.
Factors for emergence national freedom movement:-
- Religious Awakening
- The influence of Western Education
- Emergence of Indian Press
- Econnomic Exploitation