Montagu-Chelmsford Reform and Government of India Act, 1919: In 1918, Edwin Montagu, the Secretary of State, and Lord Chelmsford, the Viceroy, produced their scheme of constitutional reforms. These reforms, popularly known as Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms, led to the enactment of Government of India Act of 1919 Silent features of the act are as follows:
- The Council of Secretary of State was to compromise 8-to-12 people, three of them Indian
- Dyrachy System was introduced as the provincial level. Under this system, Subjects of Administration were divided into two groups; 1. Reserved subjects and 2. Transferred subjects. Reserved subjects were under the direct control of Governors, while transferred subjects were under ministers responsible to the legislature.
- The Central Legislature was to consist of two houses: the Council of State or Up per House and the Legislative Assembly or Lowered House. Both the Houses had equal legislative powers.
- Sikhs, Anglo-Indians, Christians and Europeans were also given the right to separate electorates.
- Provincial legislatures were to be unicameral.
- The legislature had virtually no control over the Governor Journal and is Executive Council
- The right to vote was severly restricted
- Part of the expenses of the office of the Secretary of State was to be met by the British government.