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Later Mughuls Facts

Following are the Later Mughuls :

Bahadur Shah I (1707-1712) : Aurangzeb died in 1707. Pawar of succession started among rest of his three surviving sons – Muazzam, Azam and Khan Baksh. Muazzam defeated Azam and Khan baksh and ascended the Mughal throne with the title of Bahadur Shah. He pursued pacifist policy and was, therefore, also called Shah Bekhabar. He also assumed the title of Shah Alam I. He made peace with Guru Gobind Singh and Chatrasal. He granted Sardeshmukhi to Marathas and also released Shahu. He forced Ajit Singh to submit, but later recognised him as the Rana of Mewar.

Jahandar Shah (1712-13) : Acended the throne with the aid of Zulfikhar Khan. His nephew, farrukhsiyar, dethroned him.

Farrukhsiyar (1713-19) : of Ascended the throne with help of Sayyid brothers, Abdullah Khan and Hussain Khan, who were Wazir and Mir Bakshi respectively. Farrukhsiyar was killed by the Sayyid brothers in 1719. Sikh leader Banda Bahadur was captured at Gurdaspur and executed.

Mohammad Shah (1719-48) : During his reign, Nadir Shah provided India and took away the peacock throne and Kohinoor diamond. He was a pleasure loving King and was nicknamed Rangeela. During Muhammad Shah’ reign, autonomous states of Hyderabad, Bengal and Awadh were established by Nizam-ul-mulk, Murshid Quli Khan and Saddat Khan Burhan-ul-Mulk respectively.

Ahmed Shah (1748-1754) : During his reign Ahmed Shah Abdali (one of the best general of Nadir Shah) marched towards Delhi and the Mughals ceded Punjab and Multan.

Alamgir (1754-1759) : During his reign, Ahmed Shah Abdali occupied Delhi. Later Delhi was also captured by Marathas.

Shah Alam II (1759-1806) : During his reign, Najib Khan Rohilla became very powerful in Delhi. The Battle of Buxar (1764) was fought during his reign. During his reign Delhi was overpowered by the 1803.

Akbar Shah II (1806-37) : During his reign, Lord Hasting ceased to accept the sovereignty of Mughals and claimed an equal status.

Bahadur Shah II (1837-1862) : The last Mughal king, who was confined by the British to the Red fort. During the revolt of 1857, he was proclaimed the Emperor by the rebellions. He was deported to Rangoon following the 1857 rebellion.

The story Of Kohinoor Diamond
After the battle of Panipat, Babur ordered his son Humayun to secure the treasures at Agra, which had been the capital of the Lodhi dynasty since 1502.

When Babur joined Humayun at Agra, Humayun presented him a magnificent diamond. It has always been a matter of some disputs, but it seems almost certain that his splendid gem was Kohinoor (mountain of light), making its first appearance in history. The Kohinoor was given to Humayun by the family of the Raja of Gwalior, whom he had given protection. Humayun later gave the diamond to Shah Tahmasp of Persia. The Shah sent it as a present to Nizam Shah in the Deccan. Somehow, the gem returned during the 17th century into the treasury of the Mughal emperor, Shah Jehan. When Nadir Shah plundered Delhi in 1739, he seized the diamond along with the other Moghul jewels and named it Koh-i-noor. The Kohinoor passed through several hands before finally resting in the Tower of London, where it remains on display.

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