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Indus Valley Facts

Indus Valley Facts at a Glance
  • The state which has accounted for highest number of Harappan sites after independence : Gujarat
  • Three Harappan sites that have yielded three stages of Harappan Civilization (Pre-Harappan, Harappan and post-Harappan : Rojde, Desalpur and Surkotada )
  • Most commonly engraved animal on Harappan seals : Humpless bull or unicorn
  • Site which have yielded evidence of a pre-Harappan settlement: Kot-Diji, Kalibangan and Harappa
  • Major Harappan cities that acted as ports : Lothal, Balakot, Suktagendor and Allahdin (Pakistan)
  • The Harappan city with most impressive drainage system : Mohenjo-daro
  • The geometric shape of the region covered by the Indus civilisation : Triangle
  • Wheeler said: Indus Valley is the colony of Sumerians
  • Lions have not been found anywhere in Harappa.
  • Mother goddess was not worshipped at Rangpur.
  • A Kushana period Stupa has been found from Mohenjo-daro
  • Evidence of cultivation of peas. Till has been traced from Harappa, paddy from Lothal
  • Harappans had trade relations with Mesopotamians around 2300 BC.
  • Largest Harappan site in India is situated in Haryana Rakhigarhi, second largest is Dholavira in Gujarat.
  • Dimension of Brick-length 11 inches, width -5.5 inches, depth -2.75 inches, ratio 4 2:1
  • Harappan wheels were axeless
  • Mohenjo-daro had 10.5 mt wide road.
  • In Harappa, perhaps because of river Ravi the Granery is outside the fort.
  • In the Lothal Port, there was a dockyard which is 216 meters in length and 37 meters in breadth
  • Sukotada is the only Indus site where remains of a horse have actually been found.
  • Terracoota seals found at Mehargarh were the earliest precussors of Harappan seals.
  • Wider road of Harappa was 30 foot.
  • Most common materials used for the Harappan stone sculpture : Limestone and steatite
  • Time span of the Harappan civilization as fixed on the basis of radio-carbon dating: 2300 BC – 1750 BC.

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