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Facts about Gujarat

Area 1,96,024 sq km
Capital Gandhinagar
Population 5,06,71,017
Principal Languages Gujarati

History and Geography: The history of Gujarat goes back to 2000 BC. It is believed that God Lord Krishna left Mathura to settle on the west coast of Saurashtra which later came to be known as Dwarka, the gateway. Later it saw various kingdoms: Mauryas, Guptas, Pratiharas and others. It was during the rule of Chalukyas (Solankis) that Gujarat witnessed progress and prosperity. In spite of the plunderings of Mahmud Ghazani, the Chalukyan kings were able to maintain general prosperity and well-being of the State. After this glorious respite, Gujarat faced troubled times under the Muslims, Marathas and the British Gujarat, became a part of the biggest bilingual State of Bombay. The present State of Gujarat came in to being on 1 May 1960.

It is situated on the west coast of India. The state is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the west, Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north and north-east respectively, Madhya Pradesh in the south-east and Maharashtra in the south.

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