|Area||1,36,034 sq km|
History and Geography: Chhattisgarh, carved out of Madhya Pradesh came into being on 1 November 2000 as the 26th State of the Union. It fulfills the long-cherished demand of the people. In ancient times the region was known as Dakshin-Kausal. This find mention in Ramayana and Mahabharata also. Between the sixth and twelfth centuries Sarabhpurias, Panduavanshi, Somvanshi, Kalchuri and Nagvanshi rulers dominated this region. Kalchuris ruled in Chhattisgarh from 980 to 1791 AD. With the advent of the British in 1845, Raipur gained prominence instead of the Capital Ratanpur. In 1904 Sambalpur was transfered to Orrisa and estates of Sarguja were transfered from Bengal to Chhattisgarh.
Chhattisgarh is bounded by southern Jharkhand and Orrisa in the east, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra in the west, Uttar Pradesh and western Jharkhand in the north and Andhra Pradesh in the south. Areawise Chhattisgrh is the ninth largest state and population wise it is seventeenth state of the nation.