|Area||2,75,069 sq km|
|Principal Languages||Telugu and Urdu|
History and Geography: The earliest mention of the Andhras is said to be in Aitereya Brahmana (2000 BC). It indicates tht the Andhras, originally an Aryan race living in north India migrated to south of the Vindhyas and later mixed with non-Aryans. Regular history of Andhra Desa, , according to historians, begins with the 236 BC, the year of Ashoka’s death. During the following centuries, Satavahanas, Sakas, Ikshvakus, Eastern Chalukyas, Kakatiyas ruled the Telugu country. Other dynasties that ruled over the area in succession where the kingdoms of Vijayanagar and Qutub Shahi followed by Mir Qumruddin and his successors, known as the Nizams. Gradually, from the 17th century onwards, the British annexed territories of the Nizam and constituted the single province of Madras. After Independence, Telgu-speaking areas were separated from the composite Madras Presidency and a new Andhra Pradesh came into being on 1 October 1953. With the passing of the State Reorganisation Act, 1956, there was a merger of Hyderabad State with Andhra Pradesh, and consequently Andhra Pradesh came into being on 1 November 1956.
Andhra Pradesh is bound on the north by Orrisa and Chhattisgarh, on the west by Maharashtra and Karnataka, on the south by Tamil Nadu and on the east by the Bay of Bengal with a coastline of 974 km.