Beginning of Communalism: Communalism is basically an ideology. It is the belief that in India Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and Christians form different and distinct communities. Inherent in communalism is the second notion that the social, cultural, economic and political interests of the followers of one religion and dissimilar and divergent from the interest of the followers of another religion. When the interest of the followers of different religions or of different religious communities are seen to be mutually incompatible and hostile, communalism is said to be ai its apex.
Thus at this stage the communist assert that Hindus and Muslims cannot have common secular interests, and their secular interests are bound to be opposed to each other.
Apart from the Hindus and Muslims, there was third-party in the communal crying girl-the British rulers who interposed themselves between the Hindus and Muslims and thus created a communal triangle of which they remained the base.
|Spread of communalism|