Facts About India

Facts About India, Indian Facts, Everything About India

Abbreviations and Interpretations

Abbreviation Interpretations
AA Alcoholic Anonymous
AAFI The Amateur Atheletic Federation of India
AAPSO Afro-Asian People’s Solidarity Organisation
ABC Atomic Biological and Chemical (Warfare)
ADBS Advance Data Broadcasting System
AGP Accelerated Graphics Port
AICTE All India Council for Technical Education
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AIFF All India Football Federation
AIIMS All India Institute of Medical Sciences
AINEC All India Newspaper Editor’s Conference
AMIE Associated Member of Institute of Engineers
ANC African National Congress
ANERT Agency for Non-Conventional Energy and Rural Technology
APCTT Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology
APEC Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation
ARMD Age Related Muscular Disease
ARPANET Advanced Research Project Agency Network
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
ASLV Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
ASSOCHAM Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry
AT&T; American Telegraphic and Telephone Co. Ltd
ATC Air Traffic Control
ATM Automated Teller Machine, Adobe Type Manager
BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
BBS Bulletin Board Service
BCG Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (anti TB Vaccine)
BENELUX Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg
BHP Brake Horse Power
BIFR Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction
BIND Berkeley Internat Name Domain
BIS Bank for International Settlement
BRO Border Road Organisation
BCWA British Council of World Affair
C&R; Control and Reporting
C&W; Cable and Wireless
C-in-c Commander in Chief
CAG Comptroller and Auditor General of India
CAPART Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology
CAT Career Aptitude Test, Common Admission Test, Computerized Avial Tomo-graphy
CBFC Central Board of Film Certification
CCW Convention of Conventional Weapon
CERN Council European Research Nucleare (European Laboratory for Nuclear Research)
CFC Chloro Fluoro Carbon
CFL Compact Fluorescent Lamps
CFSL Central Forensic Science Laboratory
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
CID Criminal Investigation Department
CII Confederation of Independent State
CIS Commonwealth of Independent State
CITU Centre of Indian Trade Unions
CNC Computerized Numeric Control
COFEPOSA Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Act
COMSAT Communications Satellite Corporation
CONCORD Council of North Indian States for Co-operation and Regional Development
COPRA Consumer Protection Act
CPR Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation
CRIS Centre for Railway Information System
CRISIL Credit Rating Information Services of India Ltd
CRR Cash Reserve Ratio
CRY Child Relief for You
CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
CTBT Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
CVR Cockpit Voice Recorder
CARE Co-operative for American Relief Everywhere
CASTDI Conference on the Application of Science and Technology to the Development of India
CCS Casuality Clearing Station
CHOGM Common Heads of Government Meeting
CWPC Central Water and Power Commission
CNG Compressed Natural Gas
DDT Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane
DNA Deoxyribo-nucleic Acid
DPEP District Primary Education Programme
DTH Direct to Home Service
E&OE; Errors and Omissions Excepted
ECA Essential Commodities Act
ECG Electro Cardiogram
ECR Electron Cyclotron Resonance
EEG Exclusive Economic Zone
EFTA European Free Trade Association
ELISA Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbant Assay
EMRC Educational Media Research Centre
EOU Export Oriented Unit
EPABX Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange
EPZ Export Processing Zone
ER&DC; Electronic Research and Development Centre
ERNET Educational and Research Network
ESA European Space Agency
ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
ESMA Essential Services Maintenance Act
ESR Electron Spin Resonance
EURATOM European Atomic Community
EUTELSAT European Telecommunications Satellite
EEC European Economic Community
ESIS Employee State Insurance Scheme
ESRO European Space Research Organisation
EMG Electro Myograph
FAQ Fair Average Quality, Frequently Asked Questions
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
FBTR Fast Breeder Test Reactor
FBW Fly-By-Wire
FCI Food Corporation of India, Fertilizer Corporation of India
FCRA Foreign Contribution Regulation Act
FIDE Federation Internationale d’Eches
FIFA International Football Federation (Federation Internationale de football Association)
FIL First Institutional Investors
FIR First Information Report
FIRE Fully Integrated Robotised Engine
FLAG Fibre optic Link Around the Globe
FLC Foreign Legal Consultant
FM Frequency Modulation, Finance Ministry
FMCT Fissile Material Cut off Treaty
FPS Foot Pound Second, Fair Prince Shop
FII Foreign Institutional Investor
FBTR Fast Breeder Test Reactor
GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Practices
GATE Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
GMT Greenwich Mean Time
GRAM Geo Referenced Area Management
GSLV Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle
GUI Graphical User Interface
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HPRT High Resolution Picture Transmissions
HSD High Speed Diesel
HSRRSS High Spatial Resolution Remote Sensing Satellite
IA&AS; Indian Audit and Accounts Services
IAAI International Airport Authority of India
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research
ICCR Indian Council for Cultural Relations
ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research
ICWA Indian Council of World Affairs
ILO International Labour Organisation
INS Indian Newspaper Society, Indian Naval Ship
INSAT Indian National Satellite
INTELSET International Telecommunication Satellite
IOC Indian Oil Corporation
IOY I Owe You
IPC Indian Penal Code
IPCL Indian Petro-chemicals Corporation Ltd
ISO International Standards Organisation
ISRO Indian Space Research Organisation
ITBP Indian Tibbetan Border Police
ITI Industrial Training Institute
IMEWS Integrated Missile Early Warning Satellites
ICRISAT International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics
KG Knight of Garter, Kindergarten
LASER Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LASIK Laser in Situ Keratomileusis
LLB Bachelor of Law (Leagum Baccalauseus)
LMG Large Megallanic Cloud
LPG Liguified Petroleum Gas
LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide
MASER Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emmission of Radiation
MICR Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
Mme Madame (Mrs)
MOSFET Metal Oxide Semi-Conductor Field Effect Transistor
MOU Memorandum of Understanding
MVC Maha Vir Chakra
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASSCOM National Association of Software and Service Companies
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NB Nota Bene (not well)
NCERT National Council of Educational Research
NDA National Defence Academy
NDC National Development Council
NGO Non-Government Organisation, Non-Gazetted Officer
NIMHANS National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Science
NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
NOC No Objection Certificate
NPT Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
NSUI National Students Union of India
NTPC National Thermal Power Corporation
OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
OCR Optical Character Recognition
ODA Overseas Development Administration
OIC Organisation of Islamic Conference
OOP Object Oriented Programme
Op.cit Opero Citato (in the work cited)
OPV Oral Polio Vaccine
OXFAM Oxford Committee for Famine Relief
OPEC Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OAOEC Organisation of Arab Oil Exporting Countries
PAC Public Account Committee
PAL Phase Alternation Line
PCA Professional Chess Association
Perks Perquisites of Office
PERT Project Evaluation and Review Technique
PIB Press Information Bureau
PIL Public Interest Litigation
PIN Postal Index Number
PMUPEP Prime Ministers Urban Poverty Eradication Programme
POW Prisoner of War
PROTEM Pro-tempore (for the time being)
PSLV Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
PSN Processor Serial Number
PVC Param Vir Chakra, Poly Vinyl Chloride
PARA Parliamentarian’s Action for Removal of Apartheid
PEN (International Association of) Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists and Novelists
PLF Plant Load Factor
QR Quantitative Restriction
R&D; Research and Development
R&M; Renovation and Modernisation
RADAR Radio Detecting and Ranging
RAW Research and Analysis Wing
RCC Reinforced Cement Concrete
RD Refer to Drawer
RDX Research Department Explosive (Cyclotrimethylin Trinitrate)
RH Rainwater Harvest
RNA Ribonucleic Acid
RSE Renewable Source of Energy
SAM Surface to Air Missile
SASA Self-Addressed Stamped Envelope
SAC Space Application Centre
SAPTA South Asian Preferential Trade Agreement
SASER Sound Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
SAT Scholastic Aptitude Test
SAVE SAARC Audio Visual Exchange
SCABA Self Contained Air Breathing Apparatus
SCSI Small Computer Systems Interface
SIDS Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Cribe Death)
SIFT Sperm Intra Fallopian Transfer
SPCA Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animal
SPECT Single Photon Emission Computed Technology
STQC Standardisation Testing and Quality Control
SUNFED Special United Nations Fund for Economic Development
SUN Sports Utility Vehicle
SLBM Sea Launched Ballistic Missile
STTA Suppression of Immoral Traffic Act
T&D; Transmission and Distribution
TAFTA Trans Atlantic Free Trade Agreement
TDA Trade Development Authority
TERLS Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station
TIPS Technology Information Pilot System
TIPTOP Tape Input Tape Output
TLC Total Literacy Campaign
TMO Telegraphic Money Order
TNT Tri Nitro Toluene
TOEFL Test of English as a Foreign Language
TPM Total Productivity Maintenance
TQM Total Quality Management
TBD Torpedo Boat Destroyer
TSP Total Suspended Particulate
UCI Universal Childhood Immunisation
UCR Under Colour Removal
UNPF United Nation Population Fund
UNRRA United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
USAID United States Agency for International Development
VAT Value Added Tax
VHRR Very High Resolution Radiometer
VIRUS Vital Information Resources Under Seige
VSAT Very Small Arrival Terminal
VD Veneral Disease
VTOL Vertical Take Off and Landing
WDM World Debt Market
WIMP Weakly Interacting Massive Particle
WWF World Wide Fund (for nature)
XBT Expandable Bathy Thermographic
XPD X-Ray Photoelectron Diffraction
YMCA Young Men’s Christian Association
YWCA Young Women’s Christian Association
YMMV Your Mileage May Vary
ZIFT Zygote Intra Fallopian Transfer
ZIP Zone Improvement Plan
ZOPFAN Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality
ZETA Zero Energy Thermonuclear Agency
ZPG Zero Population Growth

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