Vedic Doctrine of Hinduism
By the end of the Later Vedic Age, six prominent schools of Hindu Philosophy had been established. They are as follows:
|Darshans ||Authors ||Year of Beginning ||Original Book ||Theme
|Nyaya ||Gautama ||6th BC ||Nyaya Sutra ||It is a logical quest for God. It tells that the material power Maya, with the help of God, becomes the universe.
|Vaisheshik ||Kanada ||6th BC ||Vaisheshik Sutra ||It aims is to receive happiness in this life and finally ultimate liberation through the attachment of true knowledge of the Divine.
|Sankhya ||Kapila ||6th BC ||Sankhya Sutra ||It explains that the aim of Sankhya is to eliminate all kinds of physical and mental pains and to receive liberation.
|Yoga ||Maharishi Patanjali ||2nd BC ||Yog Sutra ||It has four chapters and accepts three kinds of evidences for determining the aim of life.
|Purva Mimansa ||Jaimini ||4th BC ||Purva Mimansa Sutra ||It is condensed explanation of Vedic theme and at the same time, the classification of its issues.
|Vedanta (Uttara Mimansa) ||Maharishi Vyasa ||4th BC ||Uttara Mimansa Sutra ||It explains that Brahama Sutra is for that person who has a real deep desire to know God. True liberation could only be attained by lovingly surrendering to Him.
- Origin of Indian Music - Samveda
- Mention of Word 'Shudra' - Rigveda 10th Mandala
- Gayatri Mantra - Rigveda
- Mention of word 'Yajna' - Brahmana
- Somaras (drink) - Rigveda (9th Mandala)
- Varna - Rigveda
- Four fold division of Society - Rigveda 10th Mandala
- Mention of four Ashrams - Jabala Upanishada
- War between Aryan & Dasas - Rigveda
- Transmigration of Soul - Brahadaranyka Upanishada
- Five divisions of India - Aiteraya Brahamana
- Wife and Husband are complementary - Satapathabrahmana
- Battle of Ten kings - Rigveda (7th Mandala)
- Superiority of Brahmins - Aiteraya Brahmana
- Rajanaya - Rigveda 10th Mandala
- Marut as Agriculturist - Satpatha Brahmana
- Satyameva Jayate - Mundaka upanishada
- Pashupath Shiva - Atharveda
- Vishnu - Satapatha Brahmana
- Conversion between Yam & Nachiketa - Katha Upanishada