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The Lodhi Dynasty (1451-1526 AD)



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                                              Lodhi Dynasty
Lodhi or Pathans Sultans
Bahlol Lodhi (1451-88 AD)
  • Bahlol Lodhi was one of the Afghan sardars who established himself in Punjab afer invasion of Timur
  • He founded the Lodhi dynasty. He founded the rule of the Lodhi dynasty by usurping the throne from the last of the Sayyid rulers.
  • He was a strong and brave ruler. He tried to restore the glory of Delhi by conquering territories around Delhi and after continuous war for 26 years, he succeeded in extending his authority over Jaunpur, Rewail, Itawah, Mewar, Sambhal, Gwalior etc.
  • He was a kind and generous ruler. He was always prepared to help his subjects. Though he was himself illiterate, he extended his patronage to art and learning. He died in 1488.
Sikandar Lodhi (1489-1517 AD)
  • Sikandar Lodhi was the son of Bahlol Lodhi who conquered Bihar and Western Bengal.
  • He shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra, a city founded by him.
  • Sikandar was a fanatical Muslim and he broke the sacred images of the Jwalamukhi Temple at Naga Kot and ordered the temples of Mathura to be destroyed.
  • He took a keen interest in the development of agriculture. He introduced the Gaz-i-Sikandari (Sikandar's yard) of 32 digits for measuring cultivated fields.
  • He was a staunch Sunni and a Muslim fanatic. He lacked religious tolerance. In the name of religion, he perpetuated untold cruelties on the Hindus.
Ibrahim Lodhi (1517-26 AD)
  • He was the last king of Lodhi dynasty and the last Sultan of Delhi
  • He was the son of Sikandar Lodhi
  • The Afghan nobility was brave and freedom-loving people but it was because of its fissiparous and individualistic tendencies that the Afghan monarchy was weakened. Moreover, Ibrahim Lodhi asserted the absolute power of the Sultan.
  • At last Daulat Kan Lodhi, the governor of Punab invited Babur to poverthrow Ibrahim Lodhi, Babur accepted the offer and inflicated a crushing defeat on Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat in 1526.
  • No Sultan of India except Sultan Ibrahim had been killed on the battle field.

Causes of Decline of Delhi Sultnate : The main causes were :-

  1. Deposite and military type of government which did not have the confidence of the people
  2. Degeneration of Delhi Sultans (esp. the wild projects of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq, Incompetence of Firoz Tughlaq)
  3. War of succession as there was no fixed law of it
  4. Greed and incompetency of nobles
  5. Defective military organisation
  6. Vastness of empire and poor means of communication
  7. Finanical instability
  8. Number of slaves increased to 1,80,000 in Firoz Tughlaq's time which was a burden on the treasury
  9. Invasion of Timur

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