The Ashoka Facts (273-232 BC)
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Asoka (273-232 BC):
Asoka was the third and greatest of the Mauryan rulers. He occupies a high position not only in the history of India but in the world history also. He was coronated four years after the death of his father, Bindusara (273 BC). The gap is interpreted differently by different historians.
We have unreliable sources to know the early life of Asoka. From the Buddhist traditions we learn that he was originally called 'Chandasoka' or the fierce Asoka owing to his many evil deeds. From Rock Edict No. XIII, we learn that after Kalinga War (261 BC) Asoka was thoroughly changed man. He discarded Digvijay and followed Dharmavijay. Due to this policy is named shines with unique brilliance.
Like his predecessors, Asoka assumed the title of Priyadarshi(pleasing to look at) and Devanampriya(beloved of God). In the Sarnath inscription, he adopted the third title, i.e. Dharmasoka.
| Asoka's Hellenistic Contemporaries
|Antiochus II Theos || Syria|
|Ptolemy II Philadelpus || Egypt |
|Magas ||Cyrne |
|Antigonus Gonatas ||Macedonia |
|Alexander ||Epirus |
| Various Names Epithets Of Asoka
|Devanamkpriya ||Monarchial Epithet |
|Ashokavardnan ||Purana |
|Piyadassiraja ||Barabar cave inscription |
|Ashoka Maurya ||Junagarh Inscription |
|Piyadasi || Kandhar inscription |
According to Asoka, the true spirit of religion and does not lie in or is not fulfilled by keeping fasts for syncing hymns for reciting prayers. He was, on the contrary, quite sure that true religion consisted in leading a pure life. Asoka's dhamma compromised all the good qualities of the religion of the world, which he was convinced, were not exclusively and monopoly of Buddhism alone.
| Asoka's Epic and Inscriptions and they are subject
| First || First major rock edict || Prohibition on animal slaughter |
| Second || Second major rock edit || Mention of places of Cholas, Pardayans. Satayaputras and Keralputras |
| Third || Third major rock edit || Directions to Predeshikas. Yuktas and Rajukas for propagation of .Dhamma |
| Forth || Forth major rock edit || Impact of Dhamma on society. |
| Fifth || Fifth major rock edit || Appointments of Dhammamahamatras. |
| Sixth || Sixth major rock edit || Welfare majors. |
| Seventh || Seventh major rock edit || Propagation of peace, balance of mind and faith |
| Eighth || Eighth major rock edit || Details of visit to Bodhi tree. |
| Ninth || Ninth major rock edit || Stress on ceremony of Dhamma |
| Tenth || Tenth major rock edit || Asoka's desire to gain popularity for Dhamma |
| Eleventh ||Eleventh major rock edit || Appraisal of Dhamma |
|Twlevth ||Twlevth major rock edit || Promotion to religion of different faiths |
|Thirteenth ||Thirteenth major rock edit || Largest of all, victory over Kalinga's destruction of war, mention of Greek rulers |
|Fourteenth || Fourteenth major rock edit || Nature of all other rock edicts |
Inclusion of Asoka into Sangha
It is bilingual. It tells that fishermen and hunters gave up hunting
Faith of ruler and kingdom in Dhamma.