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The Ashoka Facts (273-232 BC)



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Ashoka Facts Asoka (273-232 BC):
Asoka was the third and greatest of the Mauryan rulers. He occupies a high position not only in the history of India but in the world history also. He was coronated four years after the death of his father, Bindusara (273 BC). The gap is interpreted differently by different historians.

We have unreliable sources to know the early life of Asoka. From the Buddhist traditions we learn that he was originally called 'Chandasoka' or the fierce Asoka owing to his many evil deeds. From Rock Edict No. XIII, we learn that after Kalinga War (261 BC) Asoka was thoroughly changed man. He discarded Digvijay and followed Dharmavijay. Due to this policy is named shines with unique brilliance.

Like his predecessors, Asoka assumed the title of Priyadarshi(pleasing to look at) and Devanampriya(beloved of God). In the Sarnath inscription, he adopted the third title, i.e. Dharmasoka.

Asoka's Hellenistic Contemporaries
Antiochus II Theos Syria
Ptolemy II Philadelpus Egypt
Magas Cyrne
Antigonus Gonatas Macedonia
Alexander Epirus

Various Names Epithets Of Asoka
Devanamkpriya Monarchial Epithet
Ashokavardnan Purana
Piyadassiraja Barabar cave inscription
Ashoka Maurya Junagarh Inscription
Piyadasi Kandhar inscription

According to Asoka, the true spirit of religion and does not lie in or is not fulfilled by keeping fasts for syncing hymns for reciting prayers. He was, on the contrary, quite sure that true religion consisted in leading a pure life. Asoka's dhamma compromised all the good qualities of the religion of the world, which he was convinced, were not exclusively and monopoly of Buddhism alone.

Asoka's Epic and Inscriptions and they are subject
First First major rock edict Prohibition on animal slaughter
Second Second major rock edit Mention of places of Cholas, Pardayans. Satayaputras and Keralputras
Third Third major rock edit Directions to Predeshikas. Yuktas and Rajukas for propagation of .Dhamma
Forth Forth major rock edit Impact of Dhamma on society.
Fifth Fifth major rock edit Appointments of Dhammamahamatras.
Sixth Sixth major rock edit Welfare majors.
Seventh Seventh major rock edit Propagation of peace, balance of mind and faith
Eighth Eighth major rock edit Details of visit to Bodhi tree.
Ninth Ninth major rock edit Stress on ceremony of Dhamma
Tenth Tenth major rock edit Asoka's desire to gain popularity for Dhamma
Eleventh Eleventh major rock edit Appraisal of Dhamma
Twlevth Twlevth major rock edit Promotion to religion of different faiths
Thirteenth Thirteenth major rock edit Largest of all, victory over Kalinga's destruction of war, mention of Greek rulers
Fourteenth Fourteenth major rock edit Nature of all other rock edicts
Inclusion of Asoka into Sangha
It is bilingual. It tells that fishermen and hunters gave up hunting
Faith of ruler and kingdom in Dhamma.

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