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Revolt in Western India


                                   

   

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Revolts in Western India:

Bhai Rising in 1817-1819: The Bhils, an aboriginal tribe of Western Ghats with their strongholds in Khandesh, revolted against their new master, the English East India Company, fearing agrarian hardships under the new regime. The British crushed the revolt. However, the Bhils encouraged by the British reverses in the Burmese war again revolted under the leadership of Sewaram in 1825 signifying the popular character of the discontent.

Koli Rising: -The Kolis, the neighbours of the Bhils, also resented the imposition of British rule, dismantlement of their forests and the new order of administration and caused widespread employment. The Kolis rose in rebellion in 1829, in 1839 and once again during 1844-1848.

Cutch Rebellion: In 1819, a British force defeated and deposed Rao Bharmal in favour of his infact son. The actual administration of Cutch was undertaken by Council of Regency under the superintendence of the British Resident.

Waghera Rising: Besides the resentment against the foreign rule, the exactions of the Gaekward of Baroda supported by the British Government compelled the Waghera chief to take up arms. The Wagheras carried on inroads with British territory during 1818-1819. A peace treaty was concluded in November 1820.

Ramosi Rising: The Ramosis, the hill tribes in the Western Chats, resented British rule and the British pattern of administration. In 1822, under Chittur Singh, they revolted and plundered the country around Satara. There were revolts again during 1825-1826 and the area remained disturbed till 1829. The disturbance erupted again in 1840-1841 over deposition and banishment of Raja Pratap Singh of Satara in September 1839. A superior Britishh force restored order in the area.

Satara revolt: The people of Satara rose in revolt under Dhar Rao in 1840, because the popular ruler of Satara Pratap Singh was deposed and banished by the British. Narsing Patekar led revolt in 1844. He was defeated and captured by the British.

Bundela Revolt: Due to the revenue policy of British, the Bundelas rose in revolt under Madhukar Shah and Jawahar Singh in 1842. Mahukar Shah was captured and executed by the British.

Gadkari Revolt: Assumption of direct administration of Kolhapur by the British created resentment among Gadkaris, who rose in revolt in Kolhapur. This revolt was suppressed finally by the British.

Kolhapur and Savantvadi Revolt: The Gadkaris, the hereditary military class which garrisoned Maratha forts, were disbanded under administrative reorganisation in the Kolhapur statte after 1844. Faced with the spectre of unemployment the Gadkaris rose in revolt and occupied the forts of Samangarh Bhudargarh. Similarly, the simmer discontent caused a revolt in Savantvadi.


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