President of India
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President of India is the head of the Union Executive. A Council of Ministers headed by Prime Minister aids and advises the President in the excersie of his function.
President of India is also Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces.
|Office of President of India ==> ||
|Rashtrapati Bhavan |
- Must be a citizen of India
- Completed 35 years of age
- Eligible to be a member of Lok Sabha
- Must not hold any government post. Exceptions are:
- President and Vice-President
- Governor of any state
- Minister of Union State
- Indirectly elected through ‘Electoral College’ consisting of Elected members of both the Houses of Parliament & Elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States. (No nominated members)
- Security deposit of Rs 15,000/-
- Supreme court inquires all disputes regarding President’s Election.
- Takes OATH in presence of Chief Justice of India, or in his absence, senior-most Judge of Supreme Court
| Terms and Emoluments
- 5 year term
- Article 57 says that there is no upper limit on the number of times a person can become President
- Can give resignation to Vice-President before full-term
- Present Salary- Rs. 1,00,000/month (including allowances & emoluments)
- Quasi-judicial procedure
- Can be impeached only on the ground of violation of constitution
- The impeachment procedure can be initiated in either House of the Parliament
- In case of office falls vacant due to death, resignation or removal, the Vice-President act as President. It he is not available then Chief Justice, it not then senior-most Judge of the Supreme court shall act as the President of India
- The election is to be held within 6 months of the vacancy
- Appoints PM, Ministers, Chief Justice & judge of Supreme Court & High Court, Chairman & members of UPSC, Comptroller and Auditor General, Attorney General, Chief Election Commissioner and other members of Election Commission of India, Governors, Members of Finance Commission, Ambassadors, etc
- Can summon & prorogue the sessions of the 2 houses & can dissolve Lok Sabha
- Appoints Finance Commission (after every 5 years) that recommends distribution of taxes between Union & State governments
- The President can promulgate 3 types of Emergencies:-
- National Emergency (Article 352)
- State Emergency (President’s Rule) (Article 356)
- Financial Emergency (Article 360)
- He is the Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces of India
- President appoints Chief of Army, Navy and Air force
- Declares wars & concludes peace subject to the approval of the Parliament
- No money bill or demand for grant can be introduced or moved in Parliament unless it has been recommended by the President
- He has the power to grant pardon, reprieve or remit of punishment or commute death sentences