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Pallavas Facts



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Pallava Art The Pallavas(600-757 A.D.): After the fall of Satvahans, the Pallavas established a powerful kingdom in South India.

from the early sixth century to late eighth century, the Pallavas what the dominant power in South. They were the indigenous subordinates of the Satavahanas. They moved into Andhra and then to Kanchi where they established the mighty Pallava empire.

Original Of Pallavas
There are several theories with regard to the origin of the Pallavas. Important among them are as follows
  • There were the descendents of the Greek Parthians who came to India in the wake of Alexander's invasion.
  • They belong to a local clan
  • They originated from Chola -Naga marriage
  • They were Brahmans of the North
  • They were originally robbers

Pallava Art Rock cut Social and cultural changes: Society was dominated by Princes and priests. The Princess claim the status of Brahmanas or Kshatriyas, though many of them were local clan chiefs promoted to the second varna through benefactions made to the priests. The priests were mainly brahmanas, though the Jain and Buddhist monks should also be placed in this category. In this phase, priests gained in influence and authority because of land grants. Below the Princess and priests became the peasantry, which was divided into numerous peasant castes.

Art and architecture :The Pallava rulers were great patrons of art. The rock cut temple and other temples built by them occupy an important place in Hindu art. The buildings of the Pallava dynasty compromise three or four kinds. First are the buildings(temples etc) that were built in the reign of Mahendravarman. These temples were built in the caves cut in the rocks. The second kind of temples is those which were built in the reign of Narsimhavarman. These temples were built by cutting rocks and made of bricks and stone.

Conflict Between The Pallavas and the Chalukyas
The main interest the political history of peninsular India from the sixth to the eighth century centres around the long struggle between the Pallavas and the Chalukyas of badami for supremacy. The Pandyas, who were in control of Madurai and Tinnevelly district of Tamil Nadu, joined this conflict as a poor, third. The Pallavas and Chalukyas quarrelled with each other for plunder, prestige and territorial resources. Both tried to establish supremacy over the land lying between Krishna and Tungabhadra.

The first important event in this long conflict took less in the reign of Pulakeshin-II (609-642), the most famous Chalukya king. In his conflict with the Pallavas, he almost reached the Pallava capital, but the Pallava purchased peace by ceding from northern provinces to Pulakeshin II.

Pulakeshin's second invention of the Pallava territory ended in failure. The Pallava king Narasimhavarman (A.D. 630-668) occupied the Chalukya capital at Vatapi in about A.D. 642, when Pulakeshin II was probably killed in fight against the Pallavas. Narsimhavarman is assumed the title of vatapikonda or the conqueror of Vatapi.

Towards the end of seventh century, there was a lull in this conflict, which was again resumed in the first half of 18th century A.D. The Chalukya king Vikramaditya II (A.D. 733-745) is said to have overrun Kanchi three times. In 740 A.D. he completely routed the Pallavas.

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