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Firoz Shah Tughlaq (1351-1388 AD)



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Firoz Shah Tughlaq Tomb The nobles and theologians at the court selected Muhammad's cousin Firoz Shah and the next Sultan. He gave a number of important concessions to the theologians. He tried to ban practices with the orthodox theologians considered un-Islamic. Thus, he prohibited the practice of Muslim women going out to worship at the graves of saints. He perecuted a number of Muslim sects which were considered heretical by the theologians.

Firoz extended the principal of heredity to the army. Soldiers were allowed to rest in peace and to send in their place their sons. The soldiers were not paid in cash but by assignments on land revenue of villages. This novel technique of payment led to many abuses. He tried to win over the theologians proclaiming that he was a true Muslim king and the state under him was truly Islamic.

Feroz Shah Tughlaq
  • Establishment of Diwan-i-Khairat(department for poor and needy people) and Diwan-i-Bundagan(department of slaves).
  • Making Iqtadari system hereditary.
  • Construction of canals for irrigation from
    1. Yamuna to the city of Hissar
    2. From the Sutlej to the Ghaggar
    3. From the Ghaggar to Firuzabad
    4. From Mandvi and Sirmour Hills to Hansi in Haryana.
  • Establishment of four new towns, Firuzabad, Fatebabad, Jaunpur and Hissar.
  • Imposition of Jaziya on the Brahmans for the first time
  • Establishment in Delhi a hospital described variously as Darul-Shifa, Bimaristan or Shifa Khana

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