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Facts about Mizoram


                                   

   

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Mizoram
Area 21,081 sq km
Capital Aizawl
Population 8,91,058
Principal Languages Mizo and English

History and Geography: Mizoram is a mountainous region which became the 23th State of the Indian Union in February 1987. It was one of the districts of Assam till 1972 when it became a Union Territory. After being annexed by the British in 1891, for the first few years, Lushai Hills in the north remained under Assam while the southern half remained under Bengal. Both these parts were amalgamated in 1898 into one district called Lushai Hills District of the Chief Commissioner of Assam. With the implementation of the North-Eastern Reorganisation Act in 1972, Mizoram became a Union Terriotry and as a sequel to the signing of the historic memorandum of settlement of the Government of India and the Mizo National Front in 1986, it was granted statehood on 20 February 1987. Sandwiched between Myanmar in the east and south and Bangladesh in the west, Mizoram occupies an area of great strategic importance in the north-eastern corner of India. Mizoram has great natural beauty and an endless variety of landscape. It is rich in fauna and flora.

The origin of the word 'Mizo' is not known. The Mizos came under the influence of the British Missionaries in the 19th century. Now most of the Mizos are Christians. Mizo language has no script on its own. The missionaries introduced the Roman script for the Mizo language and formal education. Literacy in the state has grown rapidly.


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