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Facts about Karnataka



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Area 1,91,791 sq km
Capital Bangaluru
Population 5,28,50,562
Principal Languages Kannada

History and Geography: Karnataka has a recorded history of more than 2,000 years. Apart from its subjection to the rule of Nandas, Mauryas and the Satavahanas, Karnataka came to have indigenous dynasties like the Kadambas of Banavasi and the Ganges from the middle of the 4th century AD. The world renowned Gomateshwara monolith at Sharavanabelagola was installed by a Ganga minister Chavundaraya. The Chalukyas of Badami (500-735 AD) reigned over a wider area, from the Narmada to the Kaveri from the days of Pulikeshi II (609-642 AD) who even defeated the mighty Harshavardhana of Kanauj. This dynasty created fine, everlasting and the most beautiful monuments of Badami, Aihole and Pattadakal, both structural and rock-cut. Aihole has been one of the cradles of temples architecture in the country. The Rashtrakutas (753-973 AD) of Malkhed who succeeded from heaped tributes on the rulers of Kanauj successively in the so-called 'Age of Imperial Kanauj'. Kanada literature developed during this period. Outstanding Jain scholars of India lived in their court. The Chalukyas of Kalyana (973-1189 AD) and their feudatories, the Hoysalas of Halebidu built exiquisite temples, encouraged literature and various fine arts. Noted jurist Vijnaneshwara (work:Mitakshara) lived at Kalyana. The great religious leader Basaveshwara was a minister of Kalyana. Vijayanagar empire (1336-1646) patronised and fostered indigenous traditions and encouraged arts, religion and literature in Sanskrit, Kannada, Telugu and Tamil. Revolution in transport, communication and industries was ushered in. The urban middle-class emerged. Mysore dynasty initiated and helped industrialisation and cultural growth.

Freedom Movement was followed by the movement for the unification of Karanataka. After Independence, the Mysore State was created in 1953, wherein all the Kanada dominant areas under different dispensations were unified and the enlarged Mysore state carved in 1956 and was renamed Karnataka in 1973. Karnataka State is situated between 11031' and 18014' north latitudes and 74012' and 78010'.

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