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Facts about Haryana



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Area 44,212 sq km
Capital Chandigarh
Population 2,11,44,564
Principal Languages Hindi

History and Geography: Haryana has a proud history going back to the Vedic Age. The state was the home of the legendary Bharata dynasty, which has given the name Bharat to India. Haryana finds mention in the great epic of Mahabharata. Kurukshetra, the scene of the epic battle between the Kauravas and the Pandavas, is situated in Haryana. The state continued to play a leading part in the history of India till the advent of the Muslims and the rise of Delhi as the imperial capital of India. Thereafter, Haryana functioned as an adjunct to Delhi and practically remained anonymous till the First War of India's Independence in 1847. When the rebellion was crushed and the British administration and was re-established, the Nawabs of Jhajjar and Bahadurgarh, Raja of Ballabgarh and Rao Tula Ram of Rewari of the Haryana region were deprived of their territories. Their territories were either merged with the British territories or handed over to the rulers of Patiala, Nabha and Jind. Haryana thus became a part of the Punjab Province. With the reorganisation of Punjab on 1 November 1966, Haryana was made into a full-fledged state.

The state is bounded by Uttar Pradesh in the east, Punjab in the west, Himachal Pradesh in the north and the Rajasthan in the south. The National Capital Territory of Delhi juts into Haryana.

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