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The Chalukyas (543-753 A.D.)



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The Chalukyas (543-753 A.D.) The Chalukyas (543-753 A.D.): The most prominent of the post-Gupta dynasties of the Deccan was that of Chalukyas of Badami. Jayasimha who are the first Chalukyas king. But Pulakeshin I is generally attributed to be the first Chalukyan king. He was succeeded by maharaja Kirtivarman in 566 A.D. pulakeshin II was the most important ruler of the dynasty who ruled from 608 A.D. and was a contemporary of Harshavardhan.

His fame bars far extended even up to Persia, with whom he exchanged embassies. He defeated the Kadambas, the Ganges of Mysore and Harsha Army. He initially emerged victorious over the Pallavas. But was defeated and killed by the Pallava ruler Nirsimhavarman in a later battle.

In 674, one of the Pulakeshin's son avenged his father death and captured Kanchi.

Points To Remember
  • The Chalukyan king who performed a horse sacrifice (asvamedha): Palakesin I
  • The language in which the Aihole inscription of Pulakesin is written : Sanskrit
  • The kings whose courts were adorned by great scholar like Bilhana and Vijnanesvara: Later Chalukyan Kings.
  • The greatest ruler of Western Chalukyas: Vikramaditya II Tribhuvanamall.
  • Hiuen Tsang visited the country of : Pulakesin II

Conflict Between The Pallavas and the Chalukyas
The main interest the political history of peninsular India from the sixth to the eighth century centres around the long struggle between the Pallavas and the Chalukyas of badami for supremacy. The Pandyas, who were in control of Madurai and Tinnevelly district of Tamil Nadu, joined this conflict as a poor, third. The Pallavas and Chalukyas quarrelled with each other for plunder, prestige and territorial resources. Both tried to establish supremacy over the land lying between Krishna and Tungabhadra.

The first important event in this long conflict took less in the reign of Pulakeshin-II (609-642), the most famous Chalukya king. In his conflict with the Pallavas, he almost reached the Pallava capital, but the Pallava purchased peace by ceding from northern provinces to Pulakeshin II.

Pulakeshin's second invention of the Pallava territory ended in failure. The Pallava king Narasimhavarman (A.D. 630-668) occupied the Chalukya capital at Vatapi in about A.D. 642, when Pulakeshin II was probably killed in fight against the Pallavas. Narsimhavarman is assumed the title of vatapikonda or the conqueror of Vatapi.

Towards the end of seventh century, there was a lull in this conflict, which was again resumed in the first half of 18th century A.D. The Chalukya king Vikramaditya II (A.D. 733-745) is said to have overrun Kanchi three times. In 740 A.D. he completely routed the Pallavas.

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