Border Road Organisation (BRO)
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The Border Road Organisation (BRO) is a road construction executive force, integral to and in support of the army. It started operation in May 1960 with just two projects, Project Tuskar (renamed Project Vartak) in the east and Project Beacon in the west. It has now grown into a 13-project executive force, supported by a well-organised recruiting/training centre and two well-equipped base workshops for overhaul of plant/equipment and two Engineer Store Depots for inventory management.
The BRO has not only linked borders areas of north and north-east with the rest of the country, but also developed the road infrastructure in Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Uttarkhand and Chattisgarh.
Functions of the BRO
The BRO was brought into being to construct and maintain roads in the border areas, classified as General Staff (GS) roads, in keeping with defence requirements. GS roads are developed and maintained with the funds provided by the Border Roads Development Board (BRDB), through the Department of Road Transport and High-ways.
Besides GS roads, BRO also executes Agency Works, which are entrusted to it by other
Central government ministries and departments. Works entrusted by public sector
undertakings, state governments and other semi-government organizations are executed as Deposit Works. Over the years, the BRO has diversified into the construction of airfields, permanents steel and pre-stressed concrete bridges and accomodation projects.
- The construction of nine km long Rohtang Tunnel, related access roads to its portals and a 292 km long alternate route to Leh, at an approximate cost of Rs. 1355.82 crore was entrusted to the Organisation. Length of approach road to South Portal of Rohtang Tunnel is 14.84 km and to the North Portal is 0.975 km. The construction works have so far progressed as per target. The target date of completion of Rohtang tunnel is March 2014.
- The BRO has been entrusted with the four laning of a strech of NH-1A from Jammu-Vijaypur as part of NHDP's North-South corridor, on behalf of the NHAI. The coast of this project is estimated at Rs. 83.88 crore.
- BRO has been assigned the task of rehabilitation of roads in the tsunami affected areas of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. A team of about 300 personnel and 50 vehicles/equipments/plants have been inducted into Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Rs. 10 crore for mobilization advance and Rs. 72.11 crore for North-South and East-West road has been deposited by the Andaman & Nicobar administration.