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British Expansion in India



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British India Annexation Policies of the Company

Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie devised a Doctrine of Lapse, according to which if a ruler of the protected state died without have a natural heir, his adopted son was not allowed to rule. His state was to be annexed by the British.

Subsidiary Alliance: It was used by Lord Wellesley. Under the Subsidiary Alliance, a king was provided with military security. The Princely states used to remain independent so far as internal matters were concerned but it was not possible to have any outside interference. The British Company's Resident was kept in the court of the Indian king and the Princely states had to pay an annual amount. The Indian ruler could not employ any European to his service without prior approval of the British nor could be negotiate with any other Indian ruler without consulting the governor-general.

Acquisitions of Indian States in British Empire
  • Under Subsidiary Alliance: Hyderabad(1798), Mysore(1799), Awadh(1801), Peshwa(1802), Bhonsle and Scindia(1803), Udaipur, Jodhpur and Jaipur(1818)
  • Under Doctrine of Lapse: Satara(1848), Jhansi, Sambhalpur of Orrisa(1849), Baghat(1850), Jaipur of Bundelkhand(1849),Udaipur in Rajputana(1852), Jhansi(1853) and Nagpur(1854)

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