Beginning of Indo Islamic culture
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The arrival of Islam in India resulted in a unique combination of cultural tradition. This combination led to the growth of a composite religion in the country's top evidences of this contact can be seen in the religion, architecture, literature, music and painting.
Sufism: Sufism Li presents the spiritual and mystical and I mention of a slump. The term Sufi probably came from the Arabic word Sof(wool). This was perhaps due to the result of old ascetic practice of wearing only a coarse woollen garment.
This movement was first born in Iran well some of the religious scholars and liberal thinkers in the country released that there was little difference among the various beliefs, such as Shia and the Sunni sects.
- Sufism springs from the doctrine of Wahadat-ul-wajud or unity of being. This doctrine was propounded by Ibn-ul-Arabi (1165-1240).
- One of the earliest Sufis was a women saint (8th AD) Rabia of Basra who laid great emphasis on love as bond between God and individual soul.
- The Sufi orders are widely divided into two: Ba-Shara, that is, those who followed Islamic law and Be-Shara, that is, those who were not bound by it. Of the Be-Shara movement, only two acquired signifcant influence: the Chishti and Suhrawardi Silsilas.
| Architectural Landmarks Of The Sultanate Period
| Structure || Location || Builder |
|Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque || Delhi ||Qutub-ud-din Aibak |
|Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra || Ajmer ||Qutub-ud-din Aibak |
| Qutub Minar|| Delhi ||Iltutmish (founded by Qutub-ud-din Aibak) |
| Tomb of Hazart|| Delhi ||Ala-ud-din Khilji |
|Nizamuddin Aulia |
| Delhi || Ala-ud-din Khilji|
|Jamaat Khana Masjid || Delhi || Ala-ud-din Khilji|
|Tomb of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq|| Delhi || Muhammad bin Tughlaq |
|Tughlaabad Fort || Delhi ||Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq |
|Moth Ki Masjid ||Delhi || Prime Minister of Sikandar Lodi|