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Beginning of Indo Islamic culture



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Sufism The arrival of Islam in India resulted in a unique combination of cultural tradition. This combination led to the growth of a composite religion in the country's top evidences of this contact can be seen in the religion, architecture, literature, music and painting.

Sufism: Sufism Li presents the spiritual and mystical and I mention of a slump. The term Sufi probably came from the Arabic word Sof(wool). This was perhaps due to the result of old ascetic practice of wearing only a coarse woollen garment.

This movement was first born in Iran well some of the religious scholars and liberal thinkers in the country released that there was little difference among the various beliefs, such as Shia and the Sunni sects.

  • Sufism springs from the doctrine of Wahadat-ul-wajud or unity of being. This doctrine was propounded by Ibn-ul-Arabi (1165-1240).
  • One of the earliest Sufis was a women saint (8th AD) Rabia of Basra who laid great emphasis on love as bond between God and individual soul.
  • The Sufi orders are widely divided into two: Ba-Shara, that is, those who followed Islamic law and Be-Shara, that is, those who were not bound by it. Of the Be-Shara movement, only two acquired signifcant influence: the Chishti and Suhrawardi Silsilas.

Architectural Landmarks Of The Sultanate Period
Structure Location Builder
Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque Delhi Qutub-ud-din Aibak
Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra Ajmer Qutub-ud-din Aibak
Qutub Minar Delhi Iltutmish (founded by Qutub-ud-din Aibak)
Tomb of Hazart Delhi Ala-ud-din Khilji
Nizamuddin Aulia
Alai Darwaja
Delhi Ala-ud-din Khilji
Jamaat Khana Masjid Delhi Ala-ud-din Khilji
Tomb of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq Delhi Muhammad bin Tughlaq
Tughlaabad Fort Delhi Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq
Moth Ki Masjid Delhi Prime Minister of Sikandar Lodi

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