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Battle of Buxar



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Battle of Buxar Mir Qasim belied English hopes and soon emerged as a threat to their position and designs in Bengal. Mir Qasim was defeated in series of battles in 1763 and fled to Avadh, where he formed an alliance with Shuja-ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Avadh, and Shah Alam, the fugitive ruler of Mughal Empire. The three allies crashed with the English army under Major Munro at Buxar on 22nd October, 1764 and were thoroughly defeated.

Company became the real master of Bengal at least from 1765. Its army was in sole control of its defence and the supreme political power was in its hands. The Nawab depended for his internal and external security on the British. As the Diwan, the East India Company directly collected its (Bengal, Bihar, Orrisa) revenues, while through the right to nominate the Deputy Subedar, it controlled the Nizamat or the police and judicial powers.

In May 1765, Robert Clive became the Governor of Bengal for the first time.

Political Implications of the Battle of Buxar: The Battle of Buxar proved to be decisive resulting in the establishment of British sovereignity in Bengal. This battle brought out the political weaknesses and military shortcomings of the Indians and the hollowness of the Mughal Empire.

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